2 PhD Opportunities in carbon cycle science for EU students
University of Leicester
Satellite Observations of CO2 in support of the Paris Agreement for Emission Reduction:
Mitigating or slowing down global warming is one of the primary challenges humankind faces in the 21st century. However, the development of appropriate climate change mitigation policies is hampered by critical knowledge gaps in our understanding the global carbon cycle, its sources and sinks including anthropogenic emissions and the interplay of the carbon cycle processes with climate change. More and better observations are needed if we want to advance our quantitative understanding of the carbon exchange between the surface and the atmosphere. In this studentship, we will take advantage of a new, recently launched satellite (GOSAT-2) to tackle one of the eminent limitations of satellite remote sensing to reliably observe CO2 in regions of high pollution (megacities) or frequent cloud coverage The studentship team will include two partners which will provide training and expertise to the benefit of the student. University of Lille are world leading in aerosol remote sensing and they have authored the grasp aerosol retrieval suite. University of Edinburgh (National Centre for Earth Observation) are experts in atmospheric modelling and surface flux inversions and they will support the student in the interpretation of the global CO2 datasets. The student will have opportunities to visit both partners.
More details: http://www.centa.org.uk/themes/climate-environmental-sustainability/nc3/
Emissions of Greenhouse Gases from Extensive Agriculture in the Indio-Gangetic Plain:
India is a major global emission hotspot and is thought to have the second largest anthropogenic methane emissions of any country. One of the most fertile regions of India is the Indo-Gangetic Plain (IGP) with more than 225 million hectares used for rice – wheat cropping systems and other crops. Not only do these crops feed India’s growing population but plays also a critical role in the world’s food economy. Intensive rice and wheat production and crop residue burning practises are major contributors to GHG emissions and pollution but the involved processes and drivers are poorly understood. In order to advance our understanding of agricultural GHG emissions, we will take advantage of the strong links of University of Leicester to partners in India to acquire detailed measurements of the atmosphere-surface GHG exchange. Measurements of multiple trace gases simultaneously and key environmental parameters and the use of agricultural data will provide insights into controlling processes and external factors which will allow evaluating and eventually to advance predictive models used to inspect potential future scenarios.