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EGU General Assembly 2007 GIFT Workshop

The general theme of the 2006 GIFT workshop is ”Geosciences in the City” – one of the themes of the coming International Year of Planet Earth, a program sustained by UNESCO and different Scientific Institutions throughout the world.

In 1950, 30% of the world’s population lived in cities. In 2000 it was 47% and this increasing trend still continues: in 2007 more than half of the world’s population will live in cities. Urban settings are exposed to pollution created by human activities, such as power plants (emission of CO2, CO, NO SO2, soot), traffic (CO2, CO, SOx, hydrocarbons, noise..;), industrial plants and water waste and runoff. While the impact of anthropogenic factors are continuous and usually easily understood by the general public, it is not always obvious how geological and natural factors influence our daily life because of their somewhat unpredictable nature (hurricanes, floods, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions…).

The purpose of the GIFT-2007 workshop is to illustrate how all these different factors interact and to make teachers and their students and, through them, the general public aware of the complexity of the environmental problems in urban areas.

Towns such as Rome and Istanbul, because of their long history, geographic/geological location and high concentration of inhabitants, represent areas where exposure and vulnerability to natural hazards are disproportionately high, and will be a main target for the GIFT workshop. In the first part of the workshop, the geological and natural setting of these towns will be discussed, together with the impact of natural hazards on modern cities. In the second part of GIFT-2007 we’ll discuss atmospheric pollution linked to high population density and other natural and anthropogenic factors, and the approaches that urban authorities use to mitigate them.

Information and activities that teachers can use in their classrooms to make their students aware of these problems and to stimulate reduction of energy consumption to a minimum, will also be an important aspect of GIFT-2007.

Presentations

Monday, 16 April 2007

Tuesday, 17 April 2007

Wednesday, 18 April 2007